Urology deals with the health, function, and diseases of the urinary tract while urologist is a person who identifies and treats the diseases of the urinary system. Since the urinary and reproductive systems are attached there are quite a few diseases that affect one another, and there is an entire domain of genitourinary disorders managed through urology.
The urologist diagnoses and treats urinary diseases in both men and women. The urinary system creates, stores and removes urine from the body. It consists of Kidneys, Ureters, Bladder, Urethra and adrenal glands. A urologist also treats the entire male reproductive system, which consists of penis, prostate, and testicles.
UTI stands for Urinary Tract Infection, UTIs could be an infection anywhere in the urinary tract. These infections are much more common in adults than in children, but the UTIs in children are likely to be more serious. If we compare males and females, more women and girls are diagnosed with UTI’s than men or boys. About 40 percent women and 12 percent men have a UTI at some point in their lives.
Causes of UTI
The most common culprit that causes UTI is E. coli. It’s a type of bacteria that normally live in the bowel and around the anus. If the germs travel up the urethra to the bladder, the bacteria grow and cause infections if the bacteria travels further above it can cause a kidney infection, which can become a serious problem if not dealt with promptly. People with kidney stones and certain injuries are at a higher risk of getting UTIs.
Who Is at Risk
People with suppressed immune systems, sexually active women, women who use a diaphragm, men with an enlarged prostate, hospitalized patients or nursing-home residents, Patients using catheters, postmenopausal women and pregnant women are at increased risk for a UTI.
Urologists prescribe antibiotics for treatment both complicated and simple UTIs. The kind of antibiotic and period of treatment depend on the conditions.
Treatment of UTI
The urologists treat these diseases through surgical and non-surgical methods as per the condition. The techniques used in urology include a range of surgery, such as robotic and laser-assisted, as well as other procedures. They are qualified in open and minimally invasive surgical techniques. The typical treatment for both simple and complicated urinary tract infections is antibiotics. The kind of antibiotic and period of treatment depend on the conditions.
If Urinary Tract Infections are not treated promptly, they can cause permanent scarring of the urinary tract. In the case of recurring UTIs close monitoring is required from the urologist, as it can become a much bigger problem. UTIs can be prevented to some extent by proper cleaning of the area, drinking plenty of fluids, emptying the bladder regularly and entirely, especially after sexual intercourse.
Preventive measures and early detection is the key to defeat any disease, contact us today to schedule an appointment with the best Urologist doctor in NYC.